Types of Elevators According to Mechanism

Elevators can be categorized into four different services: Traction, Machine-roomless, Hydraulic and Vacuum.

Traction Elevators

Traction elevators use steel ropes or belts on a pulley system to raise and lower the cab. The counterweight in a traction elevator counteracts the load of the cab and its passengers. Both geared and gearless models are available.

  • Geared Traction Elevators:

machine room less elevators

A motor and gearbox make up the geared elevator. The maximum speed for this elevator is 500 feet per minute.

  • Gearless Traction Elevators:

machine room less elevators

It lacks a mechanism to control the elevator's speed. They can travel a maximum of 2,000 feet and move at a maximum speed of 2,000 feet per minute. For tall buildings, they're the best choice.

Machine-Room-Less (MRL) Elevators:

machine room less elevators

Instead of having a machine room that takes up space, this type of home elevator has a machine in the override space that can only be reached from the top of the elevator car. This elevator can go as fast as 500 feet per minute and can go as far as 250 feet.


  • They use less energy.
  • Take up less space during construction.

Hydraulic Elevators:

hydraulic elevators

Hydraulic lifts raise a cab by moving a piston inside a cylinder. The piston is moved by fluid. This kind of residential elevator is usually found in buildings with two to eight stories. It can go as fast as 200 feet per minute. Hydraulic lifts can have holes in them or not. It is made with an elevator pit and a sheave that goes under the floor of the pit. With the hole-less hydraulic lifts, you don't have to put a hole or sheave under the pit.


  • Easier to set up.
  • Better at moving heavy things.
  • Less expensive to repair and maintain.

Vaccuum (air-driven) Home Elevators:

vaccuum home elevators

Vaccuum elevators operate without the use of any cables or pulleys. This lift system, made of polycarbonate and aluminium, is essentially a tube in a sealed vacuum. These air-driven elevators operate according to the laws of physics. The air beneath and above the elevator car is what allows the elevator car to move.No cables or pulleys are needed.


  • No cables or pulleys are needed.

Types of Elevators According to Mechanism

Understanding the various elevator services is essential for determining which elevator is appropriate for the location and your transportation needs. First, learn about the most common services of elevators, which include: 11 Different Types of Lifts for Residential and Commercial Use:

1. Passenger Elevators:

passenger elevators

Passenger elevators are elevators designed to transport people around a building. These elevators are commonly found in apartment buildings, tenant-owner associations, offices, and public places, including dwelling houses, administrative and residential buildings, hotels, banks, and offices, and have upper and lower machine rooms. The size, speed, and interior options of these elevators can vary greatly depending on their intended use. Passenger elevators are built with load capacities of 225, 300, 320, 400, 500, 630, 1000, and 1275 kg and movement speeds of up to 2 m/sec. The passenger elevators commonly have the following characteristics:

  • a smooth run and improved stopping accuracy;
  • a comfortable cabin and a lower noise level;
  • movement direction and cabin position indicators;
  • LED lighting;
  • Cabin overload indication.

2. Collapsible Door Elevators:

collapsible door elevators

It is a home elevator in which the door movement is performed by people. It moves manually, as the name implies. Manual doors may be spring-loaded so that the gate cannot be left open, or the gate may automatically close when you press the button and partially or completely close when the elevator arrives at a floor.

One of the most common services of manual door elevators is the collapsible door elevator. Mild steel or stainless steel is used to make collapsible doors. Elevator collapsible doors are commonly used in industrial areas, such as the Good Elevator and the Car Elevator, where there is insufficient space for a standard automatic door and where the desired door opening is too large for an automatic door.

3. Hospital Lift:

hospital lift

For Modern-day Hospital Needs:-

Hospital Lifts for Hospitals for easy transportation of bulky equipment as well as patients. Hospital Lifts are best to carry gurneys, stretchers as well as wheel chairs. Hospital Lifts are usually provided with Center opening Telescopic Power Operated Doors for easy use by patients. Specifically designed for hospital applications, these products are the efficient carrying of heavy hospital beds and stretchers. These products are widely admired for sturdy construction, excellent resistance to corrosion & wearing and hassle free maintenance. Hospital Lift is designed by the various specifications given by the clients.

4. Goods Lift

goods lift

For factories, warehouses and similar buildings:-

Greater accuracy of leveling, adequate speeds and capacity, are advantages of choosing a Goods lift with SPACEX. SPACEX Goods Lifts are for easy transportation of bulky equipment's. The location of lifts in factories, warehouses and similar buildings should be planned to suit the progressive movement of goods throughout the buildings, having regard to the nature of position of the loading platforms, railway sidings, etc.

5. Freight Elevators

freight elevators

Freight elevators are intended to transport goods rather than passengers. They are designed to transport loads with or without a guide. Freight elevators typically travel at slower speeds than passenger elevators and are constructed to withstand harsher working conditions. Freight elevators are available with load capacities of 100, 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3200, 5000, and 6300 kg and movement speeds of 0.22, 0.25, 0.4, and 0.5 m/sec.

It is more important for freight elevators to be functional than attractive, which is why they are built to be as safe as possible. Steel wall panels, a heavy steel floor, and a reinforced gate are some features added to ensure a high level of safety.

6. Dumbwaiter


A dumbwaiter elevator is a small freight elevator designed to transport objects rather than people. They are commonly found in hospitals, restaurants, hotels, and schools. A dumbwaiter is useful in restaurants for moving meals and dishes between floors. Dumbwaiters elevators are designed to safely transport bags of groceries, bottles of soda, books, or even pieces of luggage to another floor. Dumbwaiter installation makes it easier to move things upstairs and downstairs, and they're now a popular addition to the home.

7. Residential Elevators

residential elevators

Passenger lifts are only intended to transport people, whereas residential elevators are intended to transport people and their belongings. If you live in a metropolitan city like Mumbai, where there are really tall skyscraper buildings, residential elevator service providers in Mumbai make your life easier because these elevators help you carry your groceries and other daily needs. Residential elevators can be simple or complex, depending on the needs of the users. Many residential elevators have distinctive designs that make them more aesthetically pleasing and compatible with the surrounding architecture. These lifts must also be serviced on a regular basis.

8. Wheelchair Elevators

wheelchair elevators

Wheelchair lifts are self-contained home lifts that house the drive and control systems within the lift tower or cab assembly. They are typically used for low-rise applications such as decks or porches, but they can also be used for vertical travel of up to 12 feet. Getting used to using a wheelchair or living with someone who has mobility issues can be difficult. Wheelchair lifts for the home are an excellent way to assist people with disabilities, injuries, or the elderly in entering and exiting their homes. These home lifts come in a variety of styles and sizes, but they all have one thing in common: they make mobility easier and safer.

9. Capsule Elevators

capsule elevators

Capsule lifts are special outdoor lifts that are installed on the exterior face of a building, in the lobby, or elsewhere where they can improve the elevation and appearance of the building. Capsule lifts have plush interiors and large transparent glass panels that provide a panoramic view of the surroundings and are appropriately referred to as building ornaments. Depending on where the machine room is, capsule lifts can be powered by a traction machine or a hydraulic machine.


  • Accommodate eight to forty people.
  • Quick installation.
  • Require less equipment or machinery.
  • Cost effective

10. Home Elevators

home elevators

Home elevators are ideal for two people because they do not require any headroom or pit room and can be aesthetically integrated into the interior of the home. It has an outer tubular shell made of an aluminium frame with a polycarbonate sheet. Home elevators can be installed between the stairwells if there is a gap, or in any other location in the home with proper interconnectivity, by drilling a one-meter diameter hole in each slab. These home lifts make it easy and safe to get to all levels of your home. They can be used by people of all ages and levels of mobility.


  • Easy to install.
  • Low maintenance.
  • Great service after installation.
  • Can be put in bungalows or villas that already exist.

11. Car Elevators

car elevators

For Public Places for movement of Automobile:-

Car lifts are the Best Method to Transfer the Cars / Automobiles Floor to Floor. Vertical Movement of the Cars / Automobiles is required in the Residential and Commercial Projects which are designed with Multiple Levels of Parking or in an Automobile Showroom and Repair Center with Multiple Levels. We also customize our products as per considerations and requirements of our customers. Our automotive lifts are strong, sturdy and have high weight carrying capacity. Our safe and secure car lifts are a must-have addition to the sophisticated buildings of all services. Carrying Capacity of our Car Lifts range from 2500-4000 For More Details Contact Us.